Old Hickory Council - Hanging Rock District

Troop 444: Weather Merit Badge






  1. Define meteorology. Explain what weather is and what climate is. Discuss how the weather affects farmers, sailors, aviators, and the outdoor construction industry. Tell why weather forecasts are important to each of these groups.
  2. Name five dangerous weather-related conditions. Give the safety rules for each when outdoors and explain the difference between a severe weather watch and a warning. Discuss the safety rules with your family.
  3. Explain the difference between high and low pressure systems in the atmosphere. Tell which is related to good and to poor weather. Draw cross sections of a cold front and a warm front, showing the location and the movements of the cold and warm air, the frontal slope, the location and types of clouds associated with each type of front, and the location of precipitation.
  4. Tell what causes wind, why it rains, and how lightning and hail are formed.
  5. Identify and describe clouds in the low, middle, and upper levels of the atmosphere. Relate these to specific types of weather.
  6. Draw a diagram of the water cycle and label its major processes. Explain the water cycle to your counselor.
  7. Define acid rain. Identify which human activities pollute the atmosphere and the effects such pollution can have on people.
  8. Do ONE of the following:
        A. Make one of the following instruments: wind vane, anemometer, rain gauge, and hygrometer. Keep a
              daily weather log for one week using information from this instrument as well as from other sources
              such as local radio and television stations or NOAA Weather Radio , and Internet sources (with
              your parent's permission). Record the following information at the same time every day: wind
              direction and speed, temperature, precipitation, and types of clouds. Be sure to make a note of any
              morning dew or frost. In the log, also list the weather forecasts from radio or television at the same
              time each day and show how the weather really turned out.
        B. Visit a National Weather Service office or talk with a local radio or television weathercaster, private
              meteorologist, local agricultural extension service officer, or university meteorology instructor. Find
              out what type of weather is most dangerous or damaging to your community. Determine how
              severe weather and flood warnings reach the homes in your community.
  9. Do ONE of the following:
        A. Give a talk of at least five minutes to a group (such as your unit or a Cub Scout pack) explaining the
              outdoor safety rules in the event of lightning, flash floods, and tornadoes. Before your talk, share
              your outline with your counselor for approval.
        B. Read several articles about acid rain and give a prepared talk of at least five minutes about the
              articles to a group (such as your unit or a Cub Scout pack). Before your talk, share your outline
              with your counselor for approval.
  10. Find out about a weather-related career opportunity that interests you. Discuss with and explain to your counselor what training and education are required for such a position, and the responsibilities required of such a position.

Weather Worksheets for use in working on these requirements

Boy Scout Oath

On my honor, I will do my best

To do my duty to God and my Country and to obey the Scout Law;

To help other people at all times;

To keep myself physically strong, mentally awake, and morally straight.

Boy Scout Law

A Scout Is...

A Scout tells the truth.
He keeps his promises.
Honesty is part of his code of conduct.
People can depend on him.
A Scout is true to his family, Scout leaders, friends, school, and nation.LOYAL
A Scout is concerned about other people. He does things willingly for others without pay or reward.HELPFUL
A Scout is a friend to all.
He is a brother to other Scouts.
He seeks to understand others.
He respects those with ideas and customs other than his own.
A Scout is polite to everyone regardless of age or position.
He knows good manners make it easier for people to get along together.
A Scout understands there is strength in being gentle.
He treats others as he wants to be treated.
He does not hurt or kill harmless things without reason.
A Scout follows the rules of his family, school, and troop.
He obeys the laws of his community and country.
If he thinks these rules and laws are unfair, he tries to have them changed in an orderly manner rather than disobey them.
A Scout looks for the bright side of things.
He cheerfully does tasks that come his way. He tries to make others happy.
A Scout works to pay his way and to help others.
He saves for unforeseen needs.
He protects and conserves natural resources.
He carefully uses time and property.
A Scout can face danger even if he is afraid.
He has the courage to stand for what he thinks is right even if others laugh at or threaten him.
A Scout keeps his body and mind fit and clean.
He goes around with those who believe in living by these same ideals.
He helps keep his home and community clean.
A Scout is reverent toward God.
He is faithful in his religious duties.
He respects the beliefs of others.