Old Hickory Council - Hanging Rock District

Troop 444: Soil and Water Conservation Merit Badge


Soil and Water Conservation




  1. Do the following:
        A. Tell what soil is. Tell how it is formed.
        B. Describe three kinds of soil. Tell how they are different.
        C. Name the three main plant nutrients in fertile soil. Tell how they can be put back when used up.
  2. Do the following:
        A. Define soil erosion.
        B. Tell why soil conservation is important. Tell how it affects you.
        C. Name three kinds of soil erosion. Describe each.
        D. Take pictures of or draw two kinds of soil erosion.
  3. Do the following:
        A. Tell what is meant by "conservation practices".
        B. Describe the effect of three kinds of erosion-control practices.
        C. Take pictures of or draw three kinds of erosion-control practices.
  4. Do the following:
        A. Explain what a watershed is.
        B. Outline the smallest watershed that you can find on a contour map.
        C. Outline, as far as the map will allow, the next larger watershed which also has the smaller one in it.
        D. Explain what a river basin is. Tell why all people living in a river basin should be concerned about
              land and water use in the basin.
  5. Do the following:
        A. Make a drawing to show the hydrologic cycle.
        B. Demonstrate at least two of the following actions of water in relation to the soil: percolation, capillary
              action, precipitation, evaporation, transpiration.
        C. Explain how removal of vegetation will affect the way water runs off a watershed.
        D. Tell how uses of forest, range, and farmland affect usable water supply.
        E. Explain how industrial use affects water supply.
  6. Do the following:
        A. Tell what is meant by "water pollution".
        B. Describe common sources of water pollution and explain the effects of each.
        C. Tell what is meant by "primary water treatment," "secondary waste treatment" and "biochemical
              oxygen demand"
        D. Make a drawing showing the principles of complete waste treatment.
  7. Do TWO of the following:
        A. Make a trip to two of the following places. Write a report of more than 500 words about the soil and
              water and energy conservation practices you saw.
            1. An agricultural experiment.
            2. A managed forest or a woodlot, range, or pasture.
            3. A wildlife refuge or a fish or game management area.
            4. A conservation-managed farm or ranch.
            5. A managed watershed.
            6. A waste-treatment plant.
            7. A public drinking water treatment plant.
            8. An industry water-use installation.
            9. A desalinization plant.
        B. Plant 100 trees, bushes and/or vines for a good purpose.
        C. Seed an area of at least one-fifth acre for some worthwhile conservation purposes, using suitable
              grasses or legumes alone or in a mixture.
        D. Study a soil survey report. Describe the things in it. Using tracing paper and pen, trace over any of
              the soil maps, and outline an area with three or more different kinds of soil. List each kind of soil by
              full name and map symbol.
        E. Make a list of places in your neighborhood, camps, school ground, or park having erosion,
              sedimentation, or pollution problems. Describe how these could be corrected through individual or
              group action.
        F. Carry out any other soil and water conservation project approved by your merit badge counselor.

Soil and Water Conservation Worksheets for use in working on these requirements

Boy Scout Oath

On my honor, I will do my best

To do my duty to God and my Country and to obey the Scout Law;

To help other people at all times;

To keep myself physically strong, mentally awake, and morally straight.

Boy Scout Law

A Scout Is...

A Scout tells the truth.
He keeps his promises.
Honesty is part of his code of conduct.
People can depend on him.
A Scout is true to his family, Scout leaders, friends, school, and nation.LOYAL
A Scout is concerned about other people. He does things willingly for others without pay or reward.HELPFUL
A Scout is a friend to all.
He is a brother to other Scouts.
He seeks to understand others.
He respects those with ideas and customs other than his own.
A Scout is polite to everyone regardless of age or position.
He knows good manners make it easier for people to get along together.
A Scout understands there is strength in being gentle.
He treats others as he wants to be treated.
He does not hurt or kill harmless things without reason.
A Scout follows the rules of his family, school, and troop.
He obeys the laws of his community and country.
If he thinks these rules and laws are unfair, he tries to have them changed in an orderly manner rather than disobey them.
A Scout looks for the bright side of things.
He cheerfully does tasks that come his way. He tries to make others happy.
A Scout works to pay his way and to help others.
He saves for unforeseen needs.
He protects and conserves natural resources.
He carefully uses time and property.
A Scout can face danger even if he is afraid.
He has the courage to stand for what he thinks is right even if others laugh at or threaten him.
A Scout keeps his body and mind fit and clean.
He goes around with those who believe in living by these same ideals.
He helps keep his home and community clean.
A Scout is reverent toward God.
He is faithful in his religious duties.
He respects the beliefs of others.