TROOP•444

Old Hickory Council - Hanging Rock District

Troop 444: Shotgun Shooting Merit Badge

 

Shotgun Shooting

 

 

Requirements

  1. Do the following:
        A. Explain why BB and pellet air guns must always be treated with the same respect as firearms.
        B. Describe how you would react if a friend visiting your home asked to see your or your family's
              firearm(s).
        C. Explain the need for and use and types of eye and hearing protection.
        D. Explain the main points of the laws for owning and using guns in your community and state.
        E. Explain how hunting is related to the wise use of renewable wildlife resources.
        F. Successfully complete a state hunter education course, or obtain a copy of the hunting laws for your
              state, then do the following:
            1. Explain the main points of hunting laws in your state and give any special laws on the use of guns
                  and ammunition, and
            2. List the kinds of wildlife that can be legally hunted in your state.
        G. Explain to your counselor the proper hygienic guidelines used in shooting.
        H. Identify and explain three shotgun sports. Identify places in your community where you could shoot
              these sports and explain how you can join or be a part of shooting sports activities.
        I. Give your counselor a list of sources that you could contact for information on firearms and their use.
  2. Do ONE of the following options:

        OPTION A --- SHOTGUN SHOOTING (MODERN SHOTSHELL TYPE)

            A. Identify the principal parts of a shotgun, action types, and how they function.
            B. Identify and demonstrate the rules for safely handling a shotgun.
            C. Demonstrate how to handle shotguns in a safe manner.
            D. Identify the parts of a shotgun shell and their functions.
            E. Identify the various gauges of shotguns. Explain which one you would pick for use and why.
                  Explain what a misfire, hangfire, and squib fire are, and explain the procedures to follow in
                  response to each.
            F. Identify and demonstrate the fundamentals of safely shooting a shotgun.
            G. Identify and explain each rule for shooting a shotgun safely.
            H. Demonstrate the knowledge, skill and attitude necessary to safely shoot moving targets, using
                  the fundamentals of shotgun shooting.
            I. Identify the materials needed to clean a shotgun.
            J. Demonstrate how to clean a shotgun safely.
            K. Discuss what points you would consider in selecting a shotgun.
            L. Shooting score required. - Hit at least 24 (48 percent) out of 50 targets (two 25 target rounds). The
                  two rounds do not need to be shot in consecutive order.

            Shooting skill rules:

                 Targets may be thrown by a hand trap, manual mechanical, or on any trap or skeet field. Note:
                      if using a hand trap or manual mechanical trap, the trap operator should be at least 5 feet to
                      the right and 3 feet to the rear of the shooter. If throwing left-handed with a hand trap this
                      should be reversed.
                 All targets should be thrown at a reasonable speed and in the same direction.
                 Targets should be generally thrown so as to climb in the air after leaving the trap.
                 Scores may be fired at any time, either in formal competition or in practice.
                 Any gauge shotgun not exceeding 12 gauge may be used.
                 Standard clay targets customarily used for trap and skeet are to be used.
                 Any ammunition, either factory or hand loaded, may be used.
                 Shooters must shoot in rounds of 25. Rounds need not be shot continuously or on the same
                      day (the term "round" refers to a single series of 25 shots).
                 If using a trap field, shoot station 3 with traps set to throw straightaway targets.
                 If using a skeet field, shoot station 7 low house.

        OPTION B --- MUZZLE-LOADING SHOTGUN SHOOTING

            A. Discuss a brief history of the development of the muzzle-loading shotgun.
            B. Identify principal parts of percussion and flintlock shotguns and discuss how they function.
            C. Demonstrate and discuss safe handling rules of a muzzle-loading shotgun.
            D. Identify the various grades of black powder and their proper use.
            E. Discuss proper safety procedures pertaining to black powder use and storage.
            F. Discuss proper components of a load.
            G. Identify proper procedures and accessories used for loading a muzzle-loading shotgun.
            H. Demonstrate knowledge, skill, and attitude necessary to safely shoot a muzzle-loading shotgun
                  on a range, including range procedures.
            I. Shoot a moving target with a muzzle-loading shotgun using the five fundamentals of firing the shot.
            J. Identify the materials needed to clean a muzzle-loading shotgun properly and safely.
            K. Demonstrate how to clean a muzzle-loading shotgun safely.
            L. Identify the causes of a muzzle-loading shotgun's failing to fire and explain or demonstrate proper
                  correction procedures.
            M. Discuss what points you would consider in selecting a muzzle-loading shotgun.
            N. Shooting score required. -- Hit at least 5 out of 15 targets. The two groups need not be shot in
                  consecutive order.

            

                 Targets may be thrown by a hand trap, manual mechanical, or on any trap or skeet field. Note:
                      if using a hand trap or manual mechanical trap, the trap operator should be at least 5 feet to
                      the right and 3 feet to the rear of the shooter. If throwing left-handed with a hand trap this
                      should be reversed.
                 All targets should be thrown at a reasonable speed and in the same direction.
                 Targets should be generally thrown so as to climb in the air after leaving the trap.
                 Scores may be fired at any time, either in formal competition or in practice.
                 Any gauge shotgun not exceeding 10 gauge may be used.
                 Standard clay targets customarily used for trap and skeet are to be used.
                 On a standard trap field, the shooter should be positioned 8 yards behind the trap house. The
                      trap should be set to throw only straightaway targets
                 If using a skeet field, shoot station 7 low house.

Shotgun Shooting Worksheets for use in working on these requirements

Boy Scout Oath

On my honor, I will do my best

To do my duty to God and my Country and to obey the Scout Law;

To help other people at all times;

To keep myself physically strong, mentally awake, and morally straight.

Boy Scout Law

A Scout Is...

A Scout tells the truth.
He keeps his promises.
Honesty is part of his code of conduct.
People can depend on him.
TRUSTWORTHY
A Scout is true to his family, Scout leaders, friends, school, and nation.LOYAL
A Scout is concerned about other people. He does things willingly for others without pay or reward.HELPFUL
A Scout is a friend to all.
He is a brother to other Scouts.
He seeks to understand others.
He respects those with ideas and customs other than his own.
FRIENDLY
A Scout is polite to everyone regardless of age or position.
He knows good manners make it easier for people to get along together.
COURTEOUS
A Scout understands there is strength in being gentle.
He treats others as he wants to be treated.
He does not hurt or kill harmless things without reason.
KIND
A Scout follows the rules of his family, school, and troop.
He obeys the laws of his community and country.
If he thinks these rules and laws are unfair, he tries to have them changed in an orderly manner rather than disobey them.
OBEDIENT
A Scout looks for the bright side of things.
He cheerfully does tasks that come his way. He tries to make others happy.
CHEERFUL
A Scout works to pay his way and to help others.
He saves for unforeseen needs.
He protects and conserves natural resources.
He carefully uses time and property.
THRIFTY
A Scout can face danger even if he is afraid.
He has the courage to stand for what he thinks is right even if others laugh at or threaten him.
BRAVE
A Scout keeps his body and mind fit and clean.
He goes around with those who believe in living by these same ideals.
He helps keep his home and community clean.
CLEAN
A Scout is reverent toward God.
He is faithful in his religious duties.
He respects the beliefs of others.
REVERENT