Old Hickory Council - Hanging Rock District

Troop 444: Medicine Merit Badge






  1. Discuss with your counselor the influence that EIGHT of the following people or events had on the history of medicine:
        A. Hippocrates
        B. William Harvey
        C. Antoine van Leeuwenhoek
        D. Edward Jenner
        E. Florence Nightingale
        F. Louis Pasteur
        G. Gregor Mendel
        H. Joseph Lister
        I. Robert Koch
        J. Daniel Hale Williams
        K. Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen
        L. Marie and Pierre Curie
        M. Walter Reed
        N. Karl Landsteiner
        O. Alexander Fleming
        P. Charles Richard Drew
        Q. Jonas Salk
        R. James Watson and Francis Crick
  2. Explain the Hippocratic Oath to your counselor, and compare to the original version to a more modern one. Discuss to whom those subscribing to the original version of the oath owe the greatest allegiance.
  3. Discuss the health-care provider-patient relationship with your counselor, and the importance of such a relationship in the delivery of quality care to the patient. Describe the role of confidentiality in this relationship.
  4. Do the following:
        A. Describe the roles the following people play in the delivery of health care in your state. (Note: Not all
              may exist in your state.)
            1. Allopathic Physician
            2. Chiropractor
            3. Emergency medical technician
            4. Licensed practical/vocational nurse
            5. Medical assistant
            6. Medical laboratory technologist
            7. Nurse-midwife
            8. Nurse practitioner
            9. Occupational therapist
            10. Optometrist
            11. Osteopathic physician
            12. Pharmacist
            13. Physical therapist
            14. Physician's assistant
            15. Podiatrist
            16. Psychologist
            17. Radiologic technologist
            18. Registered Nurse
            19. Respiratory therapist
        B. Describe the educational and licensing requirements for five of those in 4a --other than 4a(1)- -
              practicing health care in your state.
  5. Do the following:
        A. Tell what is meant by the term "primary care" with regard to a medical specialty. Briefly describe the
              types of work done by physicians in the following "core" specialties:
            1. Internal medicine*
            2. Family practice*
            3. Obstetrics/gynecology*
            4. Pediatrics*
            5. Psychiatry
            6. Surgery
        B. Describe the additional educational requirements for these specialties.
  6. Do the following:
        A. Briefly describe the types of work performed by physicians in FIVE of the following specialties or
            1. Allergy/immunology
            2. Anesthesiology
            3. Cardiology
            4. Colon and rectal surgery
            5. Dermatology
            6. Emergency Medicine
            7. Endocrinology
            8. Gastroenterology
            9. Geriatric medicine
            10. Hematology/oncology
            11. Infectious disease
            12. Nephrology
            13. Neuro surgery
            14. Neurology
            15. Nuclear medicine
            16. Ophthalmology
            17. Orthopedic surgery
            18. Otolaryngology/head and neck surgery
            19. Pathology
            20. Physical medicine and rehabilitation
            21. Plastic, reconstructive, and maxillofacial surgery.
            22. Preventive medicine
            23. Radiology
            24. Rheumatology
            25. Thoracic/cardiothoracic surgery
            26. Urology
            27. Vascular surgery
        B. Describe the additional educational requirements for the five specialties or subspecialties you chose
              in 6a.
  7. Do the following:
        A. Visit a physician's office,** preferably one who delivers "primary care." (This may be that of your
              counselor.) Discuss the components of a medical history and physical examination (an official BSA
              health form may be used to guide this discussion), and become familiar with the instruments used.
        B. Describe the characteristics of a good diagnostic test to screen for disease (e.g. routine blood
              pressure measurement). Explain briefly why diagnostic tests are not perfect.
        C. Show how to take a blood pressure reading and a pulse reading.
  8. Do the following:
        A. Discuss the roles medical societies, the insurance industry, and the government play in influencing
              the practice of medicine in the United States.
        B. Briefly tell how your state monitors the quality of health care within its borders, and how it provides
              care to those who do not have health insurance.
  9. Compare and discuss with your counselor the health care delivery systems in the United States, Sweden, and China.
  10. Serve as a volunteer at a health-related event or facility in your community (e.g. blood drive, "health fair", blood pressure screening, etc.) approved by your counselor.

* "Primary care" specialties

** If this cannot be arranged, demonstrate to your counselor that you understand the components of a medical history and physical, and discuss the instruments involved.

Medicine Worksheets for use in working on these requirements

Boy Scout Oath

On my honor, I will do my best

To do my duty to God and my Country and to obey the Scout Law;

To help other people at all times;

To keep myself physically strong, mentally awake, and morally straight.

Boy Scout Law

A Scout Is...

A Scout tells the truth.
He keeps his promises.
Honesty is part of his code of conduct.
People can depend on him.
A Scout is true to his family, Scout leaders, friends, school, and nation.LOYAL
A Scout is concerned about other people. He does things willingly for others without pay or reward.HELPFUL
A Scout is a friend to all.
He is a brother to other Scouts.
He seeks to understand others.
He respects those with ideas and customs other than his own.
A Scout is polite to everyone regardless of age or position.
He knows good manners make it easier for people to get along together.
A Scout understands there is strength in being gentle.
He treats others as he wants to be treated.
He does not hurt or kill harmless things without reason.
A Scout follows the rules of his family, school, and troop.
He obeys the laws of his community and country.
If he thinks these rules and laws are unfair, he tries to have them changed in an orderly manner rather than disobey them.
A Scout looks for the bright side of things.
He cheerfully does tasks that come his way. He tries to make others happy.
A Scout works to pay his way and to help others.
He saves for unforeseen needs.
He protects and conserves natural resources.
He carefully uses time and property.
A Scout can face danger even if he is afraid.
He has the courage to stand for what he thinks is right even if others laugh at or threaten him.
A Scout keeps his body and mind fit and clean.
He goes around with those who believe in living by these same ideals.
He helps keep his home and community clean.
A Scout is reverent toward God.
He is faithful in his religious duties.
He respects the beliefs of others.