Old Hickory Council - Hanging Rock District

Troop 444: First Aid


First Aid



This Merit Badge is Required to earn the Eagle Scout Rank


  1. Satisfy your counselor that you have current knowledge of all first aid requirements for Tenderfoot, Second Class, and First Class ranks.
  2. Do the following:
        A. Explain how you would obtain emergency medical assistance from your home, on a wilderness
               camping trip, and during an activity on open water.
        B. Explain the term triage.
        C. Explain the standard precautions as applied to bloodborne pathogens.
        D. Prepare a first aid kit for your home. Display and discuss its contents with your counselor.
  3. Do the following:
        A. Explain what action you should take for someone who shows signals of shock, for someone who
               shows signals of a heart attack, and for someone who shows signals of stroke.
        B. Identify the conditions that must exist before performing CPR on a person. Then demonstrate proper
               technique in performing CPR using a training device approved by your counselor.
        C. Explain the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED).
        D. Show the steps that need to be taken for someone suffering from a severe cut on the leg and on the
               wrist. Tell the dangers in the use of a tourniquet and the conditions under which its use is justified.
        E. Explain when a bee sting could be life threatening and what action should be taken for prevention
               and for first aid.
        F. Explain the symptoms of heatstroke and what action needs to be taken for first aid and for
  4. Do the following:
        A. Describe the signs of a broken bone. Show first aid procedures for handling fractures (broken bones),
               including open (compound) fractures of the forearm, wrist, upper leg, and lower leg using
               improvised materials.
        B. Describe the symptoms and possible complications and demonstrate proper procedures for treating
               suspected injuries to the head, neck, and back. Explain what measures should be taken to reduce
               the possibility of further complicating these injuries.
  5. Describe the symptoms, proper first aid procedures, and possible prevention measures for the following conditions:
        A. Hypothermia
        B. Convulsions / seizures
        C. Frostbite
        D. Dehydration
        E. Bruises, strains, sprains
        F. Burns
        G. Abdominal pain
        H. Broken, chipped, or loosened tooth
        I. Knocked out tooth
        J. Muscle cramps
  6. Do TWO of the following:
        A. If a sick or injured person must be moved, tell how you would determine the best method.
               Demonstrate this method.
        B. With helpers under your supervision, improvise a stretcher and move a presumably unconscious
        C. With your counselor's approval, arrange a visit with your patrol or troop to an emergency medical
               facility or through an American Red Cross chapter for a demonstration of how an AED is used.
  7. Teach another Scout a first-aid skill selected by your counselor.

First Aid Worksheets for use in working on these requirements

Boy Scout Oath

On my honor, I will do my best

To do my duty to God and my Country and to obey the Scout Law;

To help other people at all times;

To keep myself physically strong, mentally awake, and morally straight.

Boy Scout Law

A Scout Is...

A Scout tells the truth.
He keeps his promises.
Honesty is part of his code of conduct.
People can depend on him.
A Scout is true to his family, Scout leaders, friends, school, and nation.LOYAL
A Scout is concerned about other people. He does things willingly for others without pay or reward.HELPFUL
A Scout is a friend to all.
He is a brother to other Scouts.
He seeks to understand others.
He respects those with ideas and customs other than his own.
A Scout is polite to everyone regardless of age or position.
He knows good manners make it easier for people to get along together.
A Scout understands there is strength in being gentle.
He treats others as he wants to be treated.
He does not hurt or kill harmless things without reason.
A Scout follows the rules of his family, school, and troop.
He obeys the laws of his community and country.
If he thinks these rules and laws are unfair, he tries to have them changed in an orderly manner rather than disobey them.
A Scout looks for the bright side of things.
He cheerfully does tasks that come his way. He tries to make others happy.
A Scout works to pay his way and to help others.
He saves for unforeseen needs.
He protects and conserves natural resources.
He carefully uses time and property.
A Scout can face danger even if he is afraid.
He has the courage to stand for what he thinks is right even if others laugh at or threaten him.
A Scout keeps his body and mind fit and clean.
He goes around with those who believe in living by these same ideals.
He helps keep his home and community clean.
A Scout is reverent toward God.
He is faithful in his religious duties.
He respects the beliefs of others.