TROOP•444

Old Hickory Council - Hanging Rock District

Troop 444: Chemistry Merit Badge

 

Chemistry

 

 

Requirements

  1. Do EACH of the following activities:
        A. Describe three examples of safety equipment used in a chemistry laboratory and the reason each
            one is used.
        B. Describe what a material safety data sheet (MSDS) is and tell why it is used.
        C. Obtain an MSDS for both a paint and an insecticide. Compare and discuss the toxicity, disposal,
            and safe-handling sections for these two common household products.
        D. Discuss the safe storage of chemicals. How does the safe storage of chemicals apply to your home,
            your school, your community, and the environment?
  2. Do EACH of the following activities:
        A. Predict what would happen if you placed an iron nail in a copper sulfate solution. Then, put an iron
            nail in a copper sulfate solution. Describe your. observations and make a conclusion based on your
            observations. Compare your prediction and original conclusion with what actually happened. Write
            the formula for the reaction that you described.
        B. Describe how you would separate sand from water, table salt from water, oil from water, and
            gasoline from motor oil. Name the practical processes that require these kinds of separations.
        C. Describe the difference between a chemical reaction and a physical change.
  3. Construct a Cartesian diver. Describe its function in terms of how gases in general behave under different pressures and different temperatures. Describe how the behavior of gases affects a backpacker at high altitudes and a scuba diver underwater.
  4. Do EACH of the following activities:
        A. Cut a round onion into small chunks. Separate the onion chunks into three equal portions. Leave the
            first portion raw. Cook the second portion of onion chunks until the pieces are translucent. Cook the
            third portion until the onions are caramelized, or brown in color. Taste each type of onion. Describe
            the taste of raw onion versus partially cooked onion versus caramelized onion. Explain what happens
            to molecules in the onion during the cooking process.
        B. Describe the chemical similarities and differences between toothpaste and an abrasive household
            cleanser. Explain how the end use or purpose of a product affects its chemical formulation.
        C. In a clear container, mix a half-cup of water with a tablespoon of oil. Explain why the oil and water do
            not mix. Find a substance that will help the two combine, and add it to the mixture. Describe what
            happened, and explain how that substance worked to combine the oil and water.
  5. List the four classical divisions of chemistry. Briefly describe each one, and tell how it applies to your everyday life.
  6. Do EACH of the following activities:
        A. Name two government agencies that are responsible for tracking the use of chemicals for
            commercial or industrial use. Pick one agency and briefly describe its responsibilities to the public
            and the environment.
        B. Define pollution. Explain the chemical effects of ozone, global warming, and acid rain. Pick a current
            environmental problem as an example. Briefly describe what people are doing to resolve this hazard
            and to increase understanding of the problem.
        C. Using reasons from chemistry, describe the effect on the environment of ONE of the following:
            1. The production of aluminum cans or plastic milk cartons
            2. Sulfur from burning coal
            3. Used motor oil
            4. Newspaper
        D. Briefly describe the purpose of phosphates in fertilizer and in laundry detergent. Explain how the use
            of phosphates in fertilizers affects the environment. Also, explain why phosphates have been
            removed from laundry detergents.
  7. Do ONE of the following activities:
        A. Visit a laboratory and talk to a practicing chemist. Ask what the chemist does, and what training
            and education are needed to work as a chemist.
        B. Using resources found at the library and in periodicals, books, and the Internet (with your parent's
            permission), learn about two different kinds of work done by chemists, chemical engineers, chemical
            technicians, or industrial chemists. For each of the four jobs, find out the education and training
            requirements.
        C. Visit an industrial plant that makes chemical products or uses chemical processes and describe the
            processes used. What, if any, pollutants are produced and how they are handled.
        D. Visit a county farm agency or similar governmental agency and learn how chemistry is used to meet
            the needs of agriculture ,in your county.

Chemistry Worksheets for use in working on these requirements

Boy Scout Oath

On my honor, I will do my best

To do my duty to God and my Country and to obey the Scout Law;

To help other people at all times;

To keep myself physically strong, mentally awake, and morally straight.

Boy Scout Law

A Scout Is...

A Scout tells the truth.
He keeps his promises.
Honesty is part of his code of conduct.
People can depend on him.
TRUSTWORTHY
A Scout is true to his family, Scout leaders, friends, school, and nation.LOYAL
A Scout is concerned about other people. He does things willingly for others without pay or reward.HELPFUL
A Scout is a friend to all.
He is a brother to other Scouts.
He seeks to understand others.
He respects those with ideas and customs other than his own.
FRIENDLY
A Scout is polite to everyone regardless of age or position.
He knows good manners make it easier for people to get along together.
COURTEOUS
A Scout understands there is strength in being gentle.
He treats others as he wants to be treated.
He does not hurt or kill harmless things without reason.
KIND
A Scout follows the rules of his family, school, and troop.
He obeys the laws of his community and country.
If he thinks these rules and laws are unfair, he tries to have them changed in an orderly manner rather than disobey them.
OBEDIENT
A Scout looks for the bright side of things.
He cheerfully does tasks that come his way. He tries to make others happy.
CHEERFUL
A Scout works to pay his way and to help others.
He saves for unforeseen needs.
He protects and conserves natural resources.
He carefully uses time and property.
THRIFTY
A Scout can face danger even if he is afraid.
He has the courage to stand for what he thinks is right even if others laugh at or threaten him.
BRAVE
A Scout keeps his body and mind fit and clean.
He goes around with those who believe in living by these same ideals.
He helps keep his home and community clean.
CLEAN
A Scout is reverent toward God.
He is faithful in his religious duties.
He respects the beliefs of others.
REVERENT