Old Hickory Council - Hanging Rock District

Troop 444: Aviation Merit Badge






  1. Do the following:
        A. Define "aircraft." Describe some kinds and uses of aircraft today. Explain the operation of piston,
            turboprop, and jet engines.
        B. Point out on a model airplane the forces that act on an airplane in flight.
        C. Explain how an airfoil generates lift, how the primary control surfaces (ailerons, elevators, and
            rudder) affect the airplane's attitude, and how a propeller produces thrust.
        D. Demonstrate how the control surfaces of an airplane are used for takeoff, straight climb, level turn,
            climbing turn, descending turn, straight descent, and landing.
        E. Explain the following: the recreational pilot and the private pilot certificates; the instrument rating.
  2. Do TWO of the following:
        A. Take a flight in an aircraft , with your parent's permission. Record the date, place, type of aircraft,
            and duration of flight, and report on your impressions of the flight.
        B. Under supervision, perform a preflight inspection of a light airplane.
        C. Obtain and learn how to read an aeronautical chart. Measure a true course on the chart. Correct it
            for magnetic variation, compass deviation, and wind drift. Arrive at a compass heading.
        D. Using one of many flight simulator software packages available for computers. "fly" the course and
            heading you established in requirement 2c or another course you have plotted.
        E. On a map, mark a route for an imaginary airline trip to at least three different locations. Start from
            the commercial airport nearest your home. From timetables (obtained from agents or online from a
            computer, with your parent's permission), decide when you will get to and leave from all connecting
            points. Create an aviation flight plan and itinerary for each destination.
        F. Explain the purposes and functions of the various instruments found in a typical single-engine
            aircraft: attitude indicator, heading indicator, altimeter, airspeed indicator, turn and bank indicator,
            vertical speed indicator, compass, navigation (GPS and VOR) and communication radios,
            tachometer, oil pressure gauge, and oil temperature gauge.
        G. Create an original poster of an aircraft instrument panel. Include and identify the instruments and
            radios discussed in requirement 2f.
  3. Do ONE of the following:
        A. Build and fly a fuel-driven or battery powered electric model airplane. Describe safety rules for
            building and flying model airplanes Tell safety rules for use of glue, paint, dope, plastics, fuel, and
            battery pack.
        B. Build a model FPG-9. Get others in your troop or patrol to make their own model, then organize a
            competition to test the precision of flight and landing of the models.
  4. Do ONE of the following:
        A. Visit an airport. After the visit, report on how the facilities are used, how runways are numbered, and
            how runways are determined to be "active."
        B. Visit a Federal Aviation Administration facility - a control tower, terminal radar control facility, air
            route traffic control center, flight service station, or Flight Standards District Office. (Phone directory
            listings are under U.S. Government Offices, Transportation Department, Federal Aviation
            Administration. Call in advance.) Report on the operation and your impressions of the facility.
        C. Visit an aviation museum or attend an air show. Report on your impressions of the museum or show.
  5. Find out about three career opportunities in aviation. Pick one and find out the education, training, and experience required for this profession. Discuss this with your counselor, and explain why this profession might interest you.

Aviation Worksheets for use in working on these requirements

Boy Scout Oath

On my honor, I will do my best

To do my duty to God and my Country and to obey the Scout Law;

To help other people at all times;

To keep myself physically strong, mentally awake, and morally straight.

Boy Scout Law

A Scout Is...

A Scout tells the truth.
He keeps his promises.
Honesty is part of his code of conduct.
People can depend on him.
A Scout is true to his family, Scout leaders, friends, school, and nation.LOYAL
A Scout is concerned about other people. He does things willingly for others without pay or reward.HELPFUL
A Scout is a friend to all.
He is a brother to other Scouts.
He seeks to understand others.
He respects those with ideas and customs other than his own.
A Scout is polite to everyone regardless of age or position.
He knows good manners make it easier for people to get along together.
A Scout understands there is strength in being gentle.
He treats others as he wants to be treated.
He does not hurt or kill harmless things without reason.
A Scout follows the rules of his family, school, and troop.
He obeys the laws of his community and country.
If he thinks these rules and laws are unfair, he tries to have them changed in an orderly manner rather than disobey them.
A Scout looks for the bright side of things.
He cheerfully does tasks that come his way. He tries to make others happy.
A Scout works to pay his way and to help others.
He saves for unforeseen needs.
He protects and conserves natural resources.
He carefully uses time and property.
A Scout can face danger even if he is afraid.
He has the courage to stand for what he thinks is right even if others laugh at or threaten him.
A Scout keeps his body and mind fit and clean.
He goes around with those who believe in living by these same ideals.
He helps keep his home and community clean.
A Scout is reverent toward God.
He is faithful in his religious duties.
He respects the beliefs of others.